Acid Base disoders are associated with defense mechanisms referred to as compensatory responses that function to reduce the effects of the particular disorder on the pH. They do not restore the pH back to a normal value. This can only be done with correction of the underlying cause. In each of these disorders, compensatory renal or respiratory responses act to minimize the change in H+ concentration by minimizing the alteration in the PCO2 /[HCO3-] ratio.
This teaching module will examine the compensatory responses associated with each acid base disorder.
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